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Posted 3/16/07CLICK TO PRINT

NAME: Ginkgo biloba (Also known as: Maidenhair tree)

Ginkgo biloba
DESCRIPTION: Botanical extract

Ginkgo is one of the planet's oldest living tree species; they can grow to live 1,000 years and reach up to 120 feet in height.

FUNCTION: Used in traditional medicine mainly to treat circulatory disorders and enhance memory. Gingko also has antioxidant properties.

Ginkgo leaves contain flavonoids and terpenoids: Flavonoids protect the nerves, heart muscle, and retina from damage; Terpenoids improve blood flow by dilating blood vessels and reducing the stickiness of platelets.

SOURCES: The leaves of are made into a concentrated, standardized ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) - among the best-selling herbal medications in Europe and within the top five of all prescriptions written in France and Germany.
DOSAGE: The standard therapeutic dosage of ginkgo is 40 to 80 mg 3 times daily of a 50:1 extract standardized to contain 24% ginkgo-flavone glycosides.
DATA: Researchers recently reviewed all of the high-quality published studies on ginkgo and mild memory impairment and concluded that ginkgo was significantly more effective than placebo in enhancing memory and cognitive function.

Ginkgo has also been found to have positive effects in the treatment of intermittent claudication (atherosclerosis-related leg pain) and retina-related eye problems.

Although many of the clinical trials studying ginkgo's effects on demetia and Alzheimer's Disease have been scientifically flawed, the evidence that ginkgo may improve thinking, learning, and memory in people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been highly promising.

CAUTIONS: Be patient: Initial results often take 4 to 6 weeks, but should continue to accumulate beyond that period. Substantial improvements may not be seen for up to six months.

Because of its blood-thinning properties, ginkgo is not recommended for: those with hemophilia or platelet disorders, those about to undergo surgery, or those taking any blood thinners.

FOR MORE
INFORMATION:
University of Maryland's Center for Integrative Medicine's well-researched website entry on ginkgo; Brigham Women's/Faulkner Hospitals' website.
RELATED
PRODUCTS:
Ginkgo-D (MMS). Each bottle, 90 tablets, each tablet, 60 mg of Ginkgo biloba extract standardized to 24% ginkgo flavone glycosides and 6% terpene lactones.
DISCLAIMER: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.